Author Archives : Bernard Colas

Export Controls and Human Rights: Corporate Accountability

On March 27, 2022, Posted by , In International Analysis,

CMKZ would like to thank Bernard Colas, as well as Éléonore Gauthier, CMKZ Collaborator, for preparing this blog. Import and export controls are increasingly used to uphold democracy and sanction violations of human rights. We have previously written about the use of import restrictions in relation to human rights abuses,…

Battery of sanctions against Russia

On March 19, 2022, Posted by , In International Analysis,

The scope of sanctions imposed by Canada and its allies against Russia has never reached such a threshold. These sanctions are based on (i) the almost daily addition of persons and entities subject to prohibitions under the Special Economic Measures Regulations (Russia-Ukraine) and (ii) the cessation of the issuance of…

CMKZ 2022 International Trade Law Forecast

On February 5, 2022, Posted by , In International Analysis,

Canada | United States | European Union | Brexit | CPTPP | China | Forced Labor | World Trade Organization | Environment | International taxation | Business advice CMKZ would like to thank Bernard Colas, as well as André-Philippe Ouellet and Éléonore Gauthier, CMKZ Collaborators, for their significant contribution to…

Consultations for the Establishment of a Border Carbon Adjustment Scheme

On November 13, 2021, Posted by , In International Analysis,

Many of Canada’s partners are about to set into motion border carbon adjustment (BCA) schemes that will likely take the form of additional customs duty on products imported from countries with lower environmental standards. The setting up of carbon mechanisms in the industrialised world is also likely to end up…

CMKZ 2021 mid-Year International Trade Law Forecast

On August 18, 2021, Posted by , In International Analysis,

Canada | United States | United Kingdom | Europe | China | World Trade Organization | Environment | Digital Tax | Public Health For the first time, CMKZ is releasing midyear forecasts that complement its traditional early-year 2021 Forecasts. They provide an update on developments anticipated by CMKZ at the…

Human Rights are Becoming a Compliance Issue

On May 8, 2021, Posted by , In International Analysis,

Businesses can no longer import products made in violation of human rights. In fact, since July 1, 2020, the Canada Customs Tariff Act and the Schedule to the Customs Tariff have been amended to include a ban on the importation of goods produced in whole or in part by forced…

CMKZ 2021 International Trade Law Forecast

On February 8, 2021, Posted by , In International Analysis,

Canada | United States | United Kingdom | European Union | World Trade Organization | Environment | Public Health | GAFAM | CMKZ Advices The beginning of the year is an opportunity to take stock of the foreseeable developments in international trade law for 2021, which are likely to affect Canadian…

Sanctions: a too popular “weapon” that disrupts the life of companies

On October 5, 2020, Posted by , In International Analysis,

The proliferation of trade sanctions and other trade-restrictive measures is a headache for businesses. States are resorting to it more and more: let us think of American sanctions toward China, European sanctions toward Russia, or even Japanese sanctions toward South Korea. For each sanction, a countersanction: for example, to the…

US companies doing business in Europe can no longer rely on the EU-US framework on privacy

US companies doing business in Europe can no longer rely on the EU-US Privacy Shield for transferring their European users’ data to the United States. The EU-US Privacy Shield, adopted in 2016, was a framework meant to regulate personal data transfers between the European Union (EU) and the United States…

WTO Interim Appeal Arrangement: Enhancing the International Trading System

On May 12, 2020, Posted by , In International Analysis,

Despite the crisis affecting the World Trade Organization (WTO), the States’ action is not at a standstill, and some Members like Canada actively contribute to the development of solutions aiming to uphold the Multilateral Trading System. On account of the blockage impeding the WTO’s Appellate Body (AB) to operate, Canada,…

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