Author Archives : Bernard Colas

Consultations for the Establishment of a Border Carbon Adjustment Scheme

On November 13, 2021, Posted by , In International Analysis,

Many of Canada’s partners are about to set into motion border carbon adjustment (BCA) schemes that will likely take the form of additional customs duty on products imported from countries with lower environmental standards. The setting up of carbon mechanisms in the industrialised world is also likely to end up…

CMKZ 2021 mid-Year International Trade Law Forecast

On August 18, 2021, Posted by , In International Analysis,

Canada | United States | United Kingdom | Europe | China | World Trade Organization | Environment | Digital Tax | Public Health For the first time, CMKZ is releasing midyear forecasts that complement its traditional early-year 2021 Forecasts. They provide an update on developments anticipated by CMKZ at the…

Human Rights are Becoming a Compliance Issue

On May 8, 2021, Posted by , In International Analysis,

Businesses can no longer import products made in violation of human rights. In fact, since July 1, 2020, the Canada Customs Tariff Act and the Schedule to the Customs Tariff have been amended to include a ban on the importation of goods produced in whole or in part by forced…

CMKZ 2021 International Trade Law Forecast

On February 8, 2021, Posted by , In International Analysis,

Canada | United States | United Kingdom | European Union | World Trade Organization | Environment | Public Health | GAFAM | CMKZ Advices The beginning of the year is an opportunity to take stock of the foreseeable developments in international trade law for 2021, which are likely to affect Canadian…

Sanctions: a too popular “weapon” that disrupts the life of companies

On October 5, 2020, Posted by , In International Analysis,

The proliferation of trade sanctions and other trade-restrictive measures is a headache for businesses. States are resorting to it more and more: let us think of American sanctions toward China, European sanctions toward Russia, or even Japanese sanctions toward South Korea. For each sanction, a countersanction: for example, to the…

US companies doing business in Europe can no longer rely on the EU-US framework on privacy

US companies doing business in Europe can no longer rely on the EU-US Privacy Shield for transferring their European users’ data to the United States. The EU-US Privacy Shield, adopted in 2016, was a framework meant to regulate personal data transfers between the European Union (EU) and the United States…

WTO Interim Appeal Arrangement: Enhancing the International Trading System

On May 12, 2020, Posted by , In International Analysis,

Despite the crisis affecting the World Trade Organization (WTO), the States’ action is not at a standstill, and some Members like Canada actively contribute to the development of solutions aiming to uphold the Multilateral Trading System. On account of the blockage impeding the WTO’s Appellate Body (AB) to operate, Canada,…

The United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement (USMCA) and NAFTA: The impact on Canadian goods and services exports

On February 10, 2020, Posted by , In International Analysis,

On December 10, 2019, Canada, Mexico and the United States convened to revise the text of the United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement (“USMCA”) initially concluded on September 30, 2018. The agreement has been ratified by Mexico in 2019 and by the United States in early 2020. Canada’s implementation bill has been successfully introduced…

CMKZ 2020 International Trade Law Forecast

On February 6, 2020, Posted by , In International Analysis,

Free Trade | China | United States | Brexit | European Union | World Trade Organization | Private Law | 2020 Incoterms | CMKZ Advices The beginning of the year is an opportunity to take stock of the foreseeable developments in international trade law for 2020 which are likely to affect…

United States-China “Phase I” Agreement: Challenges and Opportunities

On February 4, 2020, Posted by , In International Analysis,

The “Phase One” Deal concluded between the United States and China on January 15, will enter into force on February 15. Canada will benefit from the improves to be made to the Chinese intellectual property regime. The chapters relating specifically to the US-China relation is however likely to cause a…

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