Category Archives : International Analysis

NAFTA Renegotiation: Giving the Floor to Exporters

On July 1, 2017, Posted by , In International Analysis,

The countdown begins. The Trump administration has just given the US Congress a 90-day notice indicating its intention to renegotiate NAFTA. The United States has only a few weeks left to consult and articulate a negotiating position. US Demands In its opinion to Congress, the United States Trade Representative Robert…

Contract Law Reform in France

On October 22, 2016, Posted by , In International Analysis,

With Ordinance No. 2016-131 of 10 February 2016, France has reformed the general scheme of obligations and evidence in the Civil Code which had remained unchanged since 1804. This historic reform is important. It applies to contracts governed by French law and concluded after 1 October 2016 between companies, between…

Commercial Mediation and Quebec’s New Code of Civil Procedure

On April 16, 2016, Posted by , In International Analysis,

On January 1, 2016, Québec’s new Code of Civil Procedure (NCCP) entered into force.  This important reform, the first of its kind since 2002, is intended to make justice more accessible, particularly by favouring private dispute prevention and resolution (DPR) processes such as negotiation, mediation and arbitration. The central role…

CMKZ International Trade Law Predictions for 2016

On January 27, 2016, Posted by , In International Analysis,

The beginning of a new year is the perfect opportunity for CMKZ to inform businesses active on the international market of developments susceptible of affecting their activities and strategies. According to CMKZ, 2016 will be specifically noteworthy in respect of: Free-Trade: Prioritizing the Pacific and Europe The signature of the…

Paris Climate Agreement: Canada’s Return to Favour

On January 4, 2016, Posted by , In International Analysis,

Adopted by consensus on December 12th, 2015 by the 195 countries represented at the 21th Conference of the Parties (COP 21) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate change, the Paris Agreement kicks off the decarbonization of the global economy. The Agreement sets an upper limit to global warming…

Cuba Opens Up to Foreign Trade and Investments

On November 19, 2015, Posted by , In International Analysis,

In the wake of Cuba and the U.S. reopening their Embassies in each other’s capital on July 1, 2015, the 33rd annual FIHAV (Feria Internacional de La Habana) trade fair, held from November 2 to 7, illustrated increasing international interest in the Cuban government’s decision to make the island a…

Trans-Pacific Partnership: A Debate to Follow

On October 31, 2015, Posted by , In International Analysis,

On October 5, 2015, Canada and 11 other countries announced the conclusion of the Trans-Pacific Partnership (“TPP”), the terms of which have not been finalized, nor made public.  Fifteen side agreements are expected to be added dealing with different problems intended to clarify some situations between two specific States that…

Quebec Immigration: Re- opening of the Quebec skilled Workers Immigration Program

On October 29, 2015, Posted by , In International Analysis,

The Quebec government has announced today the reopening of the immigration program for skilled workers in two parts: Submission of applications in “paper” format for skilled workers must be made by mail from November 4, 2015; Submission of applications “on line” are accepted from January 18, 2016. In both cases,…

New International Commercial Terms (Incoterms) for the year 2011

On February 14, 2011, Posted by , In International Analysis,

January 1, 2011 marks the entry into force of the last version of the International Commercial Terms (Incoterms), Incoterms 2010. From that date, it is recommended to refer to “Incoterms 2010” in your international sales contracts and distribution to clarify the obligations related to the delivery of goods. Since the…

Comparative Study on Cross-Border Litigation Costs

On February 8, 2008, Posted by , In International Analysis,

At the request of the Executive Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity, CMKZ prepared a comparative study on the real and transactional costs involved in the process of access to justice across jurisdictions. More specifically, the study identifies attorney fees as well as other costs and expenses that a…